Friday, February 29, 2008

Early Christian-Byzantine-Early Medieval Art Study Guides...

Early Christian-Byzantine

1) What type of church was most popular in the Byzantine Empire?
A) One with a dome and a vertical focus
B) The basilica-plan
C) One with a long rectangular nave and side aisles
D) One based on the plan of Old St. Peter’s
E) None of the above

2) Other than Constantinople, where can Byzantine art most commonly be seen?
A) Paris
B) Rome
C) Ravenna
D) Athens
E) All of the above

3) What is an entrance foyer in an Early Christian church called?
A) Clerestory
B) Narthex
C) Basilica
D) Groin vault
E) Pendentive

4) What is not seen on the side of the Sarcophagus of Junius Bassus?
A) Scenes from the life of Junius Bassus
B) Bas relief sculpture
C) Old Testament scenes
D) New Testament scenes
E) All of the above are seen.

5) Which is true of S. Apollinare in Classe’s walls above the nave arcade?
A) They have three-dimensional sculpture.
B) They were left plain.
C) They have carved screens in front of galleries.
D) They have mosaics.
E) They have frescoes.

6) In the mosaic, Emperor Justinian and His Attendants, what is Justinian demonstrating?
A) He is the head of the church.
B) He is the head of the state.
C) He is the head of the Western Empire.
D) He is the head of the Byzantine Empire.
E) All of the above are true.

7) Under the patronage of which Roman emperor was Christianity first allowed to be worshipped
A) Theodoric
B) Trajan
C) Justinian
D) Constantine
E) None of the above

8) Which period is characterized by flat two-dimensional space often using patterns of glittering
mosaics with gold backgrounds?
A) Egyptian
B) Greek
C) Roman
D) Byzantine
E) None of the above

9) Most typically, how were the exterior of Early Christian churches designed?
A) Were left plain
B) Covered with bas relief carving
C) Covered with three-dimensional sculpture
D) Had frescoes
E) Covered with mosaic decoration

10) Who conquered the Byzantine Empire?
A) Constantine
B) Octavius
C) Theodoric
D) The Turks
E) Justinian

Early Medieval Art

1) The Gero Crucifix is an example of which style?
A) Hiberno-Saxon
B) Celtic-Germanic
C) Hiberno-Germanic
D) Ottonian
E) Carolingian

2) Who was Odo of Metz?
A) Charlemagne’s son
B) Architect of the Palace Chapel of Charlemagne
C) Charlemagne’s grandson
D) Son of Otto I
E) None of the above

3) Where was the Sutton Hoo purse cover found?
A) At a ship burial
B) At a palace ruin
C) At a temple crypt
D) At a monastery treasury
E) None of the above

4) Where was Charlemagne’s capital?
A) Westphalia
B) Aachen
C) Ravenna
D) Paris
E) Rome

5) Which was not part of Charlemagne’s empire?
A) Belgium and Holland
B) Germany
C) France
D) Northern Spain and northern Italy
E) All of the above were part of Charlemagne’s empire.

6) What is the term for the U-shaped corridor in the apse end of a church?
A) Crossing
B) Ambulatory
C) Narthex
D) Transept
E) Circulaneum

7) Where can westwork be found?
A) Along the arcade
B) In the scriptorium
C) Along the transept
D) In the crypt
E) At the entrance of a church

8) Which partially inspired Charlemagne’s palace chapel?
A) S. Vitale
B) The Abbey Church at Corvey, Westphalia
C) Old St. Peter’s basilica
D) Hagia Sophia
E) S. Apollinare in Classe

9) What was the chief medium of the Celtic-Germanic animal style?
A) Leatherwork
B) Carved stone
C) Architecture
D) Metalwork
E) Pottery

10) What does Hibernian mean?
A) German B) French C) Russian D) Irish E) English


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